The Templars received the Monzón castle in 1143 and, then, Saint Johns Royal Chapel. This rich commandery, on which they had civil, criminal and religious jurisdiction, had a network of farms and knight commander representatives.
According to the writer Castillón Tallada, the Monzón castle experienced the revival of a new conception of religious life, as the Templar charisma did not consist of living cut off from the world, but integrated in the Medieval society while doing an unprecedented military, agricultural and cultural apostolate.
Prince James and his cousin Raymond Berenguer V, count of Provence, were educated under the protection of the knight commander Guillem de Mont-rodon. James I The Conqueror went to Monzón to celebrate the Cortes, in 1232, which dealt with the conquest of Valencia. The Monzón castle was the Orders last bastion, which resisted heroically against the troops of King James II.
The Fortress-Castle and the Old Quarter of Monzón
The Monzón castle preserves five big towers scattered in the parade ground. The walls of the keep (9th-10th C) combine boulders and ashlar works. The temple, the refectory, the bedroom outbuildings and the tower of James I stand around the keep.
The temple, with a defensive appearance, has an underground tunnel with an external exit, which is accessible from the apse. These magnificent grounds are completed with the stables, the guard post, the powder magazine, the rainwater cisterns, the corridors and the defensive batteries (18th C) of the artillery barracks.
Monzóns old quarter includes Saint Marys Cathedral (12th C) -a monument of a great historical and artistic interest-, various museums, exhibition halls and Renaissance palaces surrounded by beautiful landscapes.